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Authors: Ehiorobo, O.J
Audu, H.A.P
Keywords: Disasters, Sustainable Development, Geomatics, Disaster Management, Space – Based Technologies, GEO – ICT Community, Intelligent Disaster Management System.
Issue Date: 13-May-2006
Publisher: Proceedings of the Nigerian Institution of Surveyors Conference, held in Akure, Ondo State
Abstract: The number and scale of natural and technological disasters and their increasing impact in recent years have resulted in massive loss of lives and long-term negative, social, economic and environmental consequences for vulnerable societies throughout the world. Disasters affect millions of people, degrading human security and hampering the achievement of sustainable development. Disasters and poverty compound each other in vicious cycle. It is a fact of life that government in places, countries and regions with higher risk of natural disaster should take necessary measures to prevent the disastrous consequences of natural castrosphes or to mitigate the outcomes of possible disasters such as flood, earthquakes, hurricanes or volcanic eruptions. Geo-informatics technology plays a major role in Humanitarian Emergency Response Management as well as Disasters Management. Maps; positions and other attributes about regions can be captured, stored, updated and easily retrieved through the medium of the computer. The Global Positioning System (GPS), Remote Sensing and Geo-special Information System (GIS) can be integrated for quick results and improved decision-making vis-à-vis disaster management. This paper examines the various stages of disaster management, early warning information and systems, rescue operations as well as the post disaster rehabilitation. Disaster management and geo –information for disaster management are discussed. Geomatics applications at the international and regional levels together with some recommendations are presented.
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