Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/771
Title: Neonatal hearing screening in Benin City
Authors: OKHAKHU, AMINA LAMI
Ibekwe, TS
SADOH, EVAWERE AYEBO
OGISI, FESTUS ORITSEMAJEMITE
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhionlarngology
Series/Report no.: 74;1323-1326
Abstract: Congenital hearing loss is a major health care problem that tends to retard the developmental milestones of children. It takes early detection and intervention to avoid a permanent loss in acquisitionof speech and cognitive functions. Hence, the importance of hearing screening in all newborns especially in the developing world for accurate statistics and early intervention. Therefore, this work was aimed at detecting the crude prevalence of congenital hearing loss among the newborns in Benin City. Methodology: Consecutive neonates at designated immunization centers in Benin City metropolis werescreened for hearing loss via the detection and analysis of distortion product otoacoustic emissions fromboth ears. The handheld otoacousticmachinemodel MAICO 8172 was employed and the outcome resultspresented in tables. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 11. Results: A total of 400 neonates (218 males and 182 females) were screened for the presence ofotoacoustic emission in both ears. Ninety neonates (22.5%) p <0.05 were referred. Bilateral hearing losswas seen in 26 (6.5%) whereas 64 (16%) had unilateral loss. Conclusions: The screening tests suggest a high crude prevalence (6.5%) of bilateral neonatal hearingimpairment in Benin City necessitating confirmation and intervention. The study fortifies the need forhearing screening among all new born in developing countries.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/771
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