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Title: Self-Reported Medical Conditions in Elderly Periodontal Patients Seen in Benin-City
Authors: EHIZELE, A.
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Self-Reported Medical Conditions in Elderly Periodontal Patients Seen in Benin-CityAnnals of Biomedical Science
Series/Report no.: 12;1
Abstract: The aim of this retrospective descriptive study was to determine the prevalence of self reported medical conditions in elderly periodontal patients and to determine the relationship between their socio- demographic factors and the medical conditions reported. A total of 179 elderly patients treated at the periodontology clinic of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City between 2009 and 2012 were used for this study. Information on patient’s demography, alcohol and tobacco use as well as patient’s self reported medical conditions were retrieved from the patients’ records. Majority (71.5%) of these patients reported positive findings in their medical history with cardiovascular disorders by far the most frequently found condition (53.1%). Co- morbidities were reported and only in 58.6% of cases did patients report one medical condition only. There was no statistically significant age and gender variation in the reported medical conditions and majority of the elderly patients who reported positive history of the various medical conditions did not smoke or use alcohol. It was concluded from this study that the prevalence of medical conditions in elderly periodontal patients is high and co-morbidities are also common. Thorough screening of every elderly periodontal patient for underlying medical conditions is should therefore be emphasized.
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