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Title: Seasonal Variation and Environmental Impacts of Polyethylene (Cellophane) Generation and Disposal in Benin City, Nigeria
Authors: Odjugo, P. A. O.
Ikhile, C. I.
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Benin Journal of Social Sciences, University of Benin, Benin City
Series/Report no.: 10 & 11(1 & 2);12 – 21
Abstract: The paper investigates the environmental impacts and seasonal variation of polyethylene (cellophane) generation and disposal in Benin City, Nigeria. Cellophane were generated from 5 randomly selected markets. 200 respondents in the markets were given questionnaire and two waste baskets each, to determine the rate and types of cellophane generated n the market and their homes. The results show that polyethylene is generated more during dry season months (November — March) than rainy season months (April — October). Evbareke Spare Part Market (43.6 kg) which is not a food stuff market but dominated by male traders who depend ‘almost entirely on food wrapped with cellophane had the highest total cellophane generation. This was followed by Oliha (4 1.3kg), New Benin (33.6kg), Uselu (26.1kg) and Oba Market (20.6kg). Based on the type of cellophane, pure water sachet topped the list followed by cellophane for assorted items, ice cream and biscuit wrappers in that order. Polyethylene generation was higher in the, markets than at home. At home and in the market, an individual generated 4.85 (55. 29g), 145.8 (1.66kg) and 1749.6 (19.945kg) daily, monthly and annually respectively. Benin City, Edo State and Nigeria is estimated to have generated 2.1 billion (24,000 tonnes) 6.684 billion (76,000 tonnes) and 209,952 billion (2.4 million tonnes) of cellophane respectively in a year. Cheapness, neatness and availability are some of the reasons for constant patronage of cellophane. Indiscriminate polyethylene disposal has constituted environmental nuisance and .degradation. For cleaner and sustainable environments, vigorous enlightenment campaign, proper collection techniques and recycling among others were recommended
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